White Perch Ice Fishing

Ice fishing for White Perch

Ice fishing for white perchIce fishing for white perch is one of my favorite things to do. They are easy to catch and will take a variety of baits. Best times to fish for these fish are dawn and dusk. The schools of fish will tend to head to the shoreline or surface at these times. I am not a big fish eater but these are by far my favorite fresh water fish to eat. Below is some information that I have gathered through the years and is not intended to be an “all inclusive guide” for White perch ice fishing. It is merely what has worked for me.

In New Hampshire I typically fish three lakes for white perch. Lake Winnipesaukee and Lake Opechee are two lakes with crystal clear waters that hold White perch. I prefer eating fish out of “cleaner” looking lakes. That being said I also fish Great pond in Kingston for white perch and no one ever complained about the fish from there that I have given away. While the water is clear in Great pond the bottom tends to be on the muddy side, making Great pond what most consider a “dark” lake. OK so let’s focus on Lake Winnipesaukee and Lake Opechee pond first.

My first experience ice fishing for white perch was on Lake Opechee. It was early season and I had the itch to fish. I headed up to the lakes region in search of safe ice and after a stop at a local bait store I was pointed in the direction of Opechee. I set up with my typical tip up spread and managed to catch a bunch of big yellow perch. Looking across the lake I saw a couple guys fishing and since my action had slowed I decided to venture over to see how they were doing. This is one of the best decisions I ever made in my life. Not only did I see firsthand these guys landing white perch on jig rods but I also made a lifelong friend. The fish they were catching were not large at all in fact they were only about the size of the palm of your hand. I was told they were the best eating size white perch, and to this day I have to agree. After seeing the fish hit the ice I went back and pulled my spread and head over where they were. Upon my arrival the two anglers were packing it up. All I had was my tip up and a couple small jigs. I was given some worms from the anglers and I tried to catch a fish hand lining. I was unable to succeed and quickly realized I was not outfitted correctly. The next week I returned with a jig rod and some more jigs bought at the local tackle store. One of the anglers was there again. He introduced himself as Dana and is now one of my best friends. So it took me a while but I was able to start landing fish (note strike indicator or experience is very important). I was nowhere near the numbers of Dana but I was hooked! After taking fish home and eating them I was sold on White perch fishing. Since those days I have taken many of my friends to the same waters where they too now enjoy white perch fishing.


Enough about how I discovered white perch fishing you should hear about the technique we use to catch them. Ok here goes, from personal experience only again, I find that the larger white perch on any lake will hit just about anything in their face while these Opechee whites were more selective. Dana swears you need to cover the entire hook with bait or the fish wouldn’t hit. That works for him but thru the yrs I found that a “tail” works best for me. What I do is take a piece of dillie and hook it leaving a short tail off the end of the hook. Color of jig is also important. Early on pink , red and an orange/chartreuse combination worked very well. Thru the yrs we have found some other choices that work well too. I’ll elaborate on those at the end of the article. When we started out we were without Vexilars or sounders of any type so we would drop to the bottom and then come up 2-1/2 to 3 full cranks depending on your reel. You want to target 3-5 ft off the bottom for the aggressive feeding fish. If you’re catching yellow perch your lure is too deep. If you’re not getting bit and someone else is change your bait, lure color to match those getting bit or change up your cadence (how you’re jigging). I like to just barely move my rod tip creating and rythmatic bounce. When you see your rod tip “dance” change you have been bitten. With the smaller whites detecting the bite is the hardest part which is why I prefer a spring bobber of some sort (real light rods this is not needed). There are some videos on my u-tube page showing white perch fishing and how we move the rod. Sometimes the fish want it bounced and stopped, then another time a constant bounce and yet something totally different another time. Figuring all that out is what makes it challenging.

Typically the whites will feed hard from sun up to around 8:30. Then they tend to disperse and go deeper in the water column. This is a general reference and every day can be different. The next feeding frenzy occurs later in the day at dusk. I have never stayed much past dusk so I can’t answer about after dark. For depth we target 15-25’ ft (an average for most waters). We do see them suspended over much deeper waters on the larger lakes but those schools are moving and staying on top of them can be difficult. It helps to have more than one angler fishing. A hooked fish helps keep the school around. One old timer told me while open water fishing to let the first fish you catch go with a bobber attached to him. He will swim back to the school indicating their position. I tried this a couple times but was unsuccessful. We usually drill several holes next to each other so if we do find fish there we do not spook the school by drilling holes when if they show up. Ok so fishing the deeper water how can you get your bait back into the zone quickly? I like to do this with a small egg sinker. I use a small swivel with a short leader. The egg sinker goes between your rod tip and the swivel. The length of the leader off the swivel is important. The leader needs to be long enough not to spook fish. Yet not so long that your lure tangles when dropping to your desired depth. That length can vary depending on the lure you tie on. A heavy lure will fall quickly and likely not tangle with the main line when dropping quickly, just the opposite with lighter jigs. I personally have found 8” as a nice compromise length. I have also fished leaders as short as 6” due to retying lures. Sometimes I eliminate the egg sinker and just use the heavier jig to get me down fast enough.

As for how we pick specific spots, again a lot is just from having a slow day at one spot and punching holes to look for fish. If you find them that will become a spot to head to the next time your first spot is dry. Also area’s you find them in open water should be spots you target on the ice as well.

Lake Winnipesaukee is probably one of the best lakes in our area for catching large white perch.
Since I prefer eating smaller whites I do not target the whites on Winni as much. I do prefer the fight of these perch and will target them on occasion. On Winni I have found whites just about everywhere. Bays will tend to hold fish and are easier to target in them than over the vast deeper waters. Humps will also attract schools of fish, but I find the schools in bays easier to catch just because they aren’t on the move as much. I rely on my open water observations as well for selecting ice fishing spots not in bays. On Winni smelt is the bait of choice. We take a piece of smelt and tip various jigs. I prefer the Swedish pimple for larger whites. Dillies also work well too. Again early morning and dusk are prime times. Traps set up with smelt can also help you locate fish fishing 4’ off bottom as your target zone. When the fish turn off you can still get a few lookers to bite by changing up your presentation. Usually by 10 am it is over. I say usually because there is always that one day to prove that statement wrong.

Great pond is the closest lake to me to catch White perch. The size of the fish here is decent, and with the mix of Crappie makes this a great fishery. Here I find the Whites in 15-24’ of water and generally closer to the bottom near a contour break just outside of a weed bed. The fish here are always on the move and thus your action will come and go. Since crappie also reside here and in the same zone you can target both at the same time to keep the action going. For this lake hands down pink is the color for whites. I have also had a lot of luck using Hildebrandt flicker spinner but pink would be my color of choice if I could only pick one. Tipped with spikes they are deadly.

Rod set up for ice fishing for white perch.

Rod set up with spring bobber, small swivel and fluorocarbon leader I use 4lb main line and go to as light as 2lb for my leaders.


So there you have the basics. As I said we have been constantly changing our presentations and have upgraded our gear and techniques thru the years. The biggest help has been the addition of the flasher. This alone will increase your catch rate significantly. You can see how the fish are reacting to your cadence and adjust accordingly. You can also see when there are no fish below you and move to a hole that is showing fish. Keep in mind Whites do move and if you had them there once they are likely to return again so sometimes waiting out a hole for a little bit helps. Of course we will drill a pattern of holes covering an area so you can jump around hoping to locate the fish if they move off of where you had them. The addition of artificial plastic baits has also added to our success. The only one I feel 100% confident in naming is the Berkley gulp 1” minnow in various colors. I love these baits and will use them over dillies or spikes on many occasions. The bait lasts longer which equals more fish between re-baiting. Other plasics worth mentioning is the Maki plastic Jamai (or something like that) It has legs that extend out and the fish love tails so they get bit. Problem is they are not very durable and need replacing every few fish. I still like a spring bobber except on my really light action rods where the rod itself is like a spring bobber.

White Perch Lures

White perch will take most lures at one time or another. Here are some favorites on the waters I fish.

Starting from the left, Clam tungsten jig, Expedition Outdoors jig, Flicker spinner, Forget the name of the next jig but it used to be my favorite on Opechee. The company went out of business and they are no longer made. Next is a forage minnow, another no-name orange/chartreuse jig (used to be a hot color on Opechee), Swedish pimple size 0, Jiggin rap (smallest size) and the Hali-jig (very good on Winni).

 

 

 

Video showing the various set ups and cadence used on that day:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfQYx2lyBQg&index=1&list=UUWVHBTxKTH_1xd4PBQe_Zdw

Tim Moore Outdoors

New Hampshire Ice Fishing

new-hampshire-ice-fishingLocated just south of the White Mountains, in central New Hampshire’s Lakes Region is picturesque Lake Winnipesaukee. Surrounded by mountains on many sides, this lake is known for its beauty and epitomizes New Hampshire ice fishing. The lake has a maximum depth of 200 feet and covers 71 square miles. Affectionately referred to as “Winni” by locals and regular visitors, it is a very popular destination in the summer attracting vacationers, boaters, and sight seers. Another well-known activity on Winnipesaukee is ice fishing. The lake is managed by the State for lake trout and landlocked salmon but holds a wide variety of other species. Although state regulations prohibit taking salmon through the ice, lake trout fishing attracts thousands each winter. The average lake trout caught usually weighs around 4 pounds with many 10+ pound fish caught each year. Regulations such as an 18 inch minimum, 2 fish per day limit, 2 line limit, and more catch-and-release fishing help keep the population of this popular fish thriving. An average depth of 40 – 45 feet, rocky bottom, and healthy rainbow smelt population make Winnipesaukee the perfect lake trout lake. Other sought after species include white and yellow perch, crappie, bluegill, cusk, stocked rainbow trout, large and smallmouth bass.

The ice fishing season for lake trout is from January 1st through March 31st. Species other than lake trout can be caught year round and often are. The lake has its own group of hardcore pan fishermen who regularly fish for white or yellow perch, crappie, and bluegill. Winnipesaukee is well known by locals for its healthy white perch population. Pan-fried fillets of white perch are the highlight of many New Hampshire fishermen, and women. Then there are the cusk fishermen. In addition to the 2 line limit, regulations allow anglers to use an additional six lines rigged specifically for cusk and anything other than cusk must be released. Cusk lines must be non-moving (no free moving spool), have the owners name and address printed on each one, have a minimum of one ounce of weight nor more than six inches above the hook, and the bait must sit directly on the bottom. Fishermen are required to inspect the bait end of each cusk line once every 24 hours. As soon as the bays freeze over fishermen and their bobhouses will start to dot the ice. Winnipesaukee never freezes all at once due to its size and depth. However, with its many bays and large coves there is never any shortage of places to fish early ice.

For lake trout, many fishermen prefer to use tip-ups baited with live smelt or sucker set directly on, or just off the bottom. Others prefer to jig for them. One of the most popular methods include a bucktail jig baited with a strip of sucker belly and jigged near bottom while occasionally bouncing or even letting the jig sit on bottom. Whatever the method, lake trout fishermen can be found on Lake Winnipesaukee on any given day during the winter.

Central New Hampshire isn’t called the Lakes Region because of Lake Winnipesaukee alone. Other popular lakes in the area known for their lake trout and/or white perch and rainbow trout include Winnisquam, Squam and Little Squam, Sunapee, Ossipee, Tarlton, Silver, Big Danhole Pond, and Newfound Lake. Each year the Meredith Rotary Club holds the Great Rotary Ice Fishing Derby. The derby includes any public water body in the state and is attended by thousands. Prizes for the event total more than $60,000. The top three prizes are awarded to the three heaviest Meredith Rotary tagged rainbow trout. The rotary club stocks these trout into many of the Lakes Region lakes. Also, the derby headquarters where fish are to be registered is in Meredith and for this reason most of these lakes are popular destinations during the derby.

Some other popular lake trout lakes include Nubanusit in Hancock, Silver Lake in Harrisville, and Big Diamond Pond and the Connecticut Lakes in the Great North Woods. Let’s not forget the panfish though. In addition to the many lake trout lakes, New Hampshire Fish and Game provides a list of trout ponds with no closed season. Many of these ponds are stocked in the fall with rainbow, brook, and brown trout of trophy size. These fish are highly sought after by early ice fishermen.

new-hampshire pan-fish-ice-fishingThere isn’t a lake or pond in New Hampshire that doesn’t contain panfish. White and yellow perch and bluegill are considered great eating but one other seems to stand out, black crappie. Crappie has its own cult following of fishermen who usually set out to catch enough for a meal of these tasty pan fried fish. The daily limit on most panfish is 25 fish per day with a 50 fish aggregate. Small panfish jigs tipped with earth worm, meal worm, or spikes on an ultra-light jig rod is the preferred method. New Hampshire’s crappie population continues to grow and so does their popularity.

New Hampshire’s “Official List of Public Waters” lists 959 public water bodies, only roughly 150 are closed to ice fishing. There is no shortage of places to ice fish. Whether you want to fish in groups with others people or just get away and enjoy some quiet, scenic relaxation and reflection; there is a little, or a lot, of something for everyone.

written by Tim “Jiffy Man” Moore

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